This document explains how to contribute changes to the Gitea project.
It assumes you have followed the
Sensitive security-related issues should be reported to
For configuring IDE or code editor to develop Gitea see IDE and code editor configuration
Please search the issues on the issue tracker with a variety of keywords
to ensure your bug is not already reported.
If unique, open an issue
and answer the questions so we can understand and reproduce the
To show us that the issue you are having is in Gitea itself, please
write clear, concise instructions so we can reproduce the behavior—
even if it seems obvious. The more detailed and specific you are,
the faster we can fix the issue. Check out How to Report Bugs
Please be kind, remember that Gitea comes at no cost to you, and you’re
getting free help.
The project welcomes submissions. If you want to change or add something,
please let everyone know what you’re working on—file an issue!
Significant changes must go through the change proposal process
before they can be accepted. To create a proposal, file an issue with
your proposed changes documented, and make sure to note in the title
of the issue that it is a proposal.
This process gives everyone a chance to validate the design, helps
prevent duplication of effort, and ensures that the idea fits inside
the goals for the project and tools. It also checks that the design is
sound before code is written; the code review tool is not the place for
Before submitting a pull request, run all the tests for the whole tree
to make sure your changes don’t cause regression elsewhere.
Here’s how to run the test suite:
||lint everything (not suggest if you only change one type code)|
||lint frontend files|
||lint backend files|
||run unit test|
||run integration test for sqlite|
|More detail message about integrations|
We keep a cached copy of dependencies within the
managing updates via Modules.
Pull requests should only include
vendor/ updates if they are part of
the same change, be it a bugfix or a feature addition.
vendor/ update needs to be justified as part of the PR description,
and must be verified by the reviewers and/or merger to always reference
an existing upstream commit.
You can find more information on how to get started with it on the Modules Wiki.
We do all translation work inside Crowdin.
The only translation that is maintained in this git repository is
and is synced regularly to Crowdin. Once a translation has reached
A SATISFACTORY PERCENTAGE it will be synced back into this repo and
included in the next released version.
See the hacking instructions.
Changes to Gitea must be reviewed before they are accepted—no matter who
makes the change, even if they are an owner or a maintainer. We use GitHub’s
pull request workflow to do that. And, we also use LGTM
to ensure every PR is reviewed by at least 2 maintainers.
Please try to make your pull request easy to review for us. And, please read
the How to get faster PR reviews guide;
it has lots of useful tips for any project you may want to contribute.
Some of the key points:
For imports you should use the following format (without the comments)
import ( // stdlib "encoding/json" "fmt" // local packages "code.gitea.io/gitea/models" "code.gitea.io/sdk/gitea" // external packages "github.com/foo/bar" "gopkg.io/baz.v1" )
To maintain understandable code and avoid circular dependencies it is important to have a good structure of the code. The gitea code is divided into the following parts:
The API is documented by swagger and is based on GitHub API v3.
Thus, Gitea´s API should use the same endpoints and fields as GitHub´s API as far as possible, unless there are good reasons to deviate.
If Gitea provides functionality that GitHub does not, a new endpoint can be created.
If information is provided by Gitea that is not provided by the GitHub API, a new field can be used that doesn’t collide with any GitHub fields.
Updating an existing API should not remove existing fields unless there is a really good reason to do so.
The same applies to status responses. If you notice a problem, feel free to leave a comment in the code for future refactoring to APIv2 (which is currently not planned).
All expected results (errors, success, fail messages) should be documented
In general, HTTP methods are chosen as follows:
An endpoint which changes/edits an object expects all fields to be optional (except ones to identify the object, which are required).
We consider the act of contributing to the code by submitting a Pull
Request as the “Sign off” or agreement to the certifications and terms
of the DCO and MIT license. No further action is required.
Additionally you could add a line at the end of your commit message.
Signed-off-by: Joe Smith <email@example.com>
If you set your
user.email git configs, you can add the
line to the end of your commit automatically with
git commit -s.
We assume in good faith that the information you provide is legally binding.
We adopted a release schedule to streamline the process of working
on, finishing, and issuing releases. The overall goal is to make a
minor release every two months, which breaks down into one month of
general development followed by one month of testing and polishing
known as the release freeze. All the feature pull requests should be
merged in the first month of one release period. And, during the frozen
period, a corresponding release branch is open for fixes backported from
master. Release candidates are made during this period for user testing to
obtain a final version that is maintained in this branch. A release is
maintained by issuing patch releases to only correct critical problems
such as crashes or security issues.
Major release cycles are bimonthly. They always begin on the 25th and end on
the 24th (i.e., the 25th of December to February 24th).
During a development cycle, we may also publish any necessary minor releases
for the previous version. For example, if the latest, published release is
v1.2, then minor changes for the previous release—e.g., v1.1.0 -> v1.1.1—are
To make sure every PR is checked, we have team
maintainers. Every PR MUST be reviewed by at least
two maintainers (or owners) before it can get merged. A maintainer
should be a contributor of Gitea (or Gogs) and contributed at least
4 accepted PRs. A contributor should apply as a maintainer in the
Discord #develop channel. The owners
or the team maintainers may invite the contributor. A maintainer
should spend some time on code reviews. If a maintainer has no
time to do that, they should apply to leave the maintainers team
and we will give them the honor of being a member of the advisors
team. Of course, if
an advisor has time to code review, we will gladly welcome them back
to the maintainers team. If a maintainer is inactive for more than 3
months and forgets to leave the maintainers team, the owners may move
him or her from the maintainers team to the advisors team.
For security reasons, Maintainers should use 2FA for their accounts and
if possible provide gpg signed commits.
Since Gitea is a pure community organization without any company support,
to keep the development healthy we will elect three owners every year. All
contributors may vote to elect up to three candidates, one of which will
be the main owner, and the other two the assistant owners. When the new
owners have been elected, the old owners will give up ownership to the
newly elected owners. If an owner is unable to do so, the other owners
will assist in ceding ownership to the newly elected owners.
For security reasons, Owners or any account with write access (like a bot)
must use 2FA.
I'm honored to having been elected an owner of Gitea, I agree with [CONTRIBUTING](CONTRIBUTING.md). I will spend part of my time on Gitea and lead the development of Gitea.
To honor the past owners, here’s the history of the owners and the time
2016-11-04 ~ 2017-12-31
2018-01-01 ~ 2018-12-31
2019-01-01 ~ 2019-12-31
2020-01-01 ~ 2020-12-31
Gitea has the
master branch as a tip branch and has version branches
release/v0.9 is a release branch and we will
v0.9.0 for binary download. If
v0.9.0 has bugs, we will accept
pull requests on the
release/v0.9 branch and publish a
after bringing the bug fix also to the master branch.
master branch is a tip version, if you wish to use Gitea
in production, please download the latest release tag version. All the
branches will be protected via GitHub, all the PRs to every branch must
be reviewed by two maintainers and must pass the automatic tests.
masterwith PRs with label
changelogand after it has been merged do following steps:
git tag -s -F release.notes v$vmaj.$vmin.0-devand push the tag as
git push origin v$vmaj.$vmin.0-dev.
release/v$vmaj.$vminand wait till it is reviewed and merged.
git tag -s -F release.notes v$vmaj.$vmin.$, release.notes file could be a temporary file to only include the changelog this version which you added to
git push origin v$vmaj.$vmin.$. Drone CI will automatically created a release and upload all the compiled binary. (But currently it didn’t add the release notes automatically. Maybe we should fix that.)
Code that you contribute should use the standard copyright header:
// Copyright 2020 The Gitea Authors. All rights reserved. // Use of this source code is governed by a MIT-style // license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
Files in the repository contain copyright from the year they are added
to the year they are last changed. If the copyright author is changed,
just paste the header below the old one.